|Of Two Minds||From: Homeless Souls|
In chapter 20, Amitakh Stanford examines the mind-brain problem.
The chapter begins,
- The human brain remains an enigma to researchers. It is generally accepted that the brain is the instrument that drives the body, whilst the mind is concerned with processing lhe information that is received by receplors and passed to the central nervous system. However, this is just a physical observation and interpretation of the workings of the brain. The mind is very different to the brain. It is almost impossible to separate the mind from the brain, which is perhaps why the terms are so often used interchangeably.
The mind-brain problem has been around for a very long time – at least a couple of thousand years. The science of today mostly tries to explain/describe the mind through the laws of physics/chemistry/biology, and so on. However there are exceptions, as the following indicates. [from: Horizon Research Foundation]
Non-Conventional Theories of Consciousness
Stuart Hameroff, an anesthetist at the University of Arizona, and Roger Penrose, a mathematician from the University of Cambridge, have raised many of the limitations of the conventional brain based theories above. In particular they argue that the conventional brain based theories cannot fully explain the observed features of 'the self'. They further argue that there are single-celled organisms such as amoeba that, despite lacking brain cells or brain cell connections (synapses) are able to swim, find food, learn and multiply. Hence they suggest that there must be a different mechanism other than the activity of brain cells and their connections with each other that leads to a sense of self.
They propose that perhaps very small protein structures called mictotubules that are found in all cells whether simple single celled organisms such as amoeba (who thus do not have a separate brain) or the most complex organisms such as humans may be what leads to conscious awareness and thoughts - or in other words 'the self'. Furthermore they argue that consciousness is thus not a product of direct brain cell to cell activity, but rather the action of processes occurring in the smallest possible level within the microtubules of brain cells- the subatomic level - where things are even smaller than atoms.
The theory proposed by Hameroff and Penrose however still fails to answer the fundamental question of how subjective experiences and thought processes arise. Some have, however, also argued against their theory by pointing out that microtubules exist in all cells throughout the body and not just in the brain. Also there are drugs that can damage the structure of micotubules but appear to have no effect on consciousness.
The history of science is full of examples of situations in which scientists have been confronted with seemingly unsolvable problems using the scientific principles of the time. For example when the British scientist Maxwell first discovered electromagnetic phenomena in the nineteenth century, electromagnetism had to be described as a scientific entity in its own right, as it could not be explained according to known scientific principles. It was many years later that the first radio waves (which are electromagnetic waves) were recorded by the German scientist Hertz and now we have a whole area of science that is based upon them, not to mention numerous devices such as radio, television, microwaves and infrared cameras.
Some scientists have also suggested that consciousness or the self, too, is at present not reducible in terms of currently understood mechanisms of brain cell activity and its true nature may only be discovered when our science progresses further.
The limitations of all the theories mentioned above has thus led to the suggestion that consciousness or the self may in fact be an irreducible scientific entity in its own right, similar to many of the concepts in physics, such as mass and gravity, which have also been irreducible entities. The investigation into consciousness and the self has thus been proposed to be similar to the discovery of electromagnetic phenomena in the nineteenth century or quantum mechanics in the twentieth century, both of which were inexplicable in terms of previously known principles.
Some, such as David Chalmers, have argued that this new irreducible scientific entity is a product of the brain, whereas others have argued that it is an entirely separate entity that is not produced by the brain.
The late Sir John Eccles, a neuroscientist who won the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1963 for his work on brain cell connections (synapses) and was considered by many to be one of the greatest neuroscientists of the twentieth century, was perhaps the most distinguished scientist who argued in favor of such a separation between mind, consciousness and the brain. He argued that the unity of conscious experience was provided by the mind and not by the machinery of the brain. His view was that the mind itself played an active role in selecting and integrating brain cell activity and molded it into a unified whole. He considered it a mistake to think that the brain did everything and that conscious experiences were simply a reflection of brain activities, which he described as a common philosophical view:
'If that were so, our conscious selves would be no more than passive spectators of the performances carried out by the neuronal machinery of the brain. Our beliefs that we can really make decisions and that we have some control over our actions would be nothing but illusions.'
He further argued that there was 'a combination of two things or entities: our brains on the one hand and our conscious selves on the other'. He thought of the brain as an 'instrument that provides the conscious self or person with the lines of communication from and to the external world, and it does this by receiving information through the immense sensory system of the millions of nerve fibers that fire impulses to the brain, where it is processed into coded patterns of information that we read out from moment to moment in deriving all our experiences-our perceptions, thoughts ideas and memories'.
According to Eccles,
'We as experiencing persons do not slavishly accept all that is provided for us by our instrument, the neuronal machine of our sensory system and the brain, we select from all that is given according to interest and attention and we modify the actions of the brain, through "the self" for example, by initiating some willed movement.'
Eccles' theory has been well described in his book The Self and Its Brain. However, he acknowledged that he was still unable to explain how the mind carried out these activities and how it interacted with a separate brain.
Inspired through the work of his father, the late Ostad Elahi a distinguished philosopher, jurist, and theologian - Bahram Elahi, a well respected professor of surgery and anatomy with a distinguished academic and clinical career has also studied the question of the 'self' for over 40 years. During his work he has applied the same rigor of his scientific background to this subject and concluded that although the mind and the brain are separate - unlike some of the traditional 'dualists' views, consciousness or the self is not immaterial. Rather, it is composed of a very subtle type of matter that, although still undiscovered, is similar in concept to electromagnetic waves, which are capable of carrying sound and pictures and are governed by precise laws, axioms and theorems.
Therefore, in Elahi's view, everything to do with this entity should be regarded as a separate undiscovered scientific discipline and studied in the same objective manner as other scientific disciplines. He argues that as science is a systematic and experimental method of obtaining knowledge of a given domain of reality, then 'consciousness' or the 'self' can and should also be studied with the same objectivity. Each scientific discipline such as chemistry, biology and physics has its own laws, theorems and axioms, and in the same manner the science of 'the self' or the 'soul' should also be studied in the context of its own laws, theorems and axioms. In his view, consciousness is also a scientific entity and a type of 'matter', however it is a substance that is too subtle to be measured using the scientific tools available today. Therefore in his view the brain is an instrument that relays information to and from both the internal and external world, but 'consciousness' or 'the self' is a separate subtle scientific entity that interacts directly with it.
- Both the brain and mind were created by the Conspirators, hence both are artificial creations. The brain is organic - it can be touched, dissected and examined; but the mind is inorganic - it is nebulous, like a membrane that surrounds the consciousness.
- Brains are conceived, and subsequently develop and mature. Each body, whether human or animal, is given a new brain. When the body housing the brain dies, so, too, does the brain. Neither the body nor the brain is resurrected in the binh-death-rebinh cycle. However, the brain is different to other organs of the body in that it has its own individuality.
- Conversely, the mind is etheric in nature, like an invisible mist that permeates a person's brain and consciousness for the duration of their physical existence. It operates like a projector screen for the consciousness, and also keeps track of the microchip-like organs that the Conspirators have attached to each consciousness in order to monitor them.
- The whole system works on gathering salient information about every individual's experiences. This is where the Akashic Records acquire their information. Unlike the brain, which is comparatively slow and dull, the mind is bright, sharp and creative. The brain can learn physical things, such as languages, maths, trades and skills, but insight and brilliance come from the mind.
- Minds are perceptive and do not depend on physical props or input. The mind can overshadow the brain to help the body sort through information, and it can also allow a person to have glimpses of memories of previous lives. The mind is thus an integral part of the physical mindlbrain creation. The two work symbiotically, and both are susceptible to corruption and manipulation. The mind restricts the consciousness from fully expressing, but that is the only way the latter can express in the Virtual Reality.
Contrast noted between what is being described here as the mind, and the four centers (and susbdivision thereof) as outlined in the Fourth Way.
Intellectual part of the Instinctive Center | From: Brain Systems
- Very big and very important. In the state of self-consciousness or approaching it, one can come into contact with the intellectual part of the instinctive center and learn a great deal from it concerning the functioning of the machine and its possibilities.
- The intellectual part of the instinctive center is the mind behind all the work of the organism, a mind quite different from the intellectual mind.
Maybe I forgot something, but I do not recall much discussion of what is being defined as "mind" in this article having much discussion within the Fourth Way?
There is talk of 'higher emotional' and 'higher mental' centers.
The above quote is the closest I can find.
- Minds have properties like radio waves, which allow them to contact other minds on the same frequency. That is how communication between minds can occur. When one communicates with plants, one is reaching out to the mind of the plant.
- Group minds, such as occur with schools of fish, flocks of birds or swarms and hives of insects, are the result of the combination and sharing of the individual minds such that they can move in sync. In some alien species, the minds are combined to work in unison. These are not the activities of the combined brain power of those species, but of their minds.
- The mind is also capable of locating and connecting to the minds of others. A departed dog's mind can find its owners and appear before them in its astral form. A deceased person can appear before a loved one. It is the mind that finds the way and recognises another. This has nothing to do with the brain. Minds watch and know things in cognitive ways. They are like living entities which are invisible to human eyes, but which exist at a different frequency to the physical.
- On a larger scale, the Minds of the Conspirators have overriding effects on everything in the Virtual Reality. Their waves are everywhere, and influence everything in the Universal Dodecahedron. Thus, the claim that god is everywhere is apt in this instance. The Conspirators encased their own consciousnesses in their Minds when they originally created them. Later, they amalgamated all their Minds into a single, giant Mind, but each Mind still has individual expression. The Conspirators' Minds are everywhere, and their Minds have become deviant due to their immersion in all the addictive illusions that they have created.
- When someone says that they are of two minds about something, they are indicating that they are undecided on a particular matter. In such instances, the brain and the mind are debating an issue. In most cases, the mind is trying to point the way, but the brain is sorting through things. The mind is much quicker than the brain, which must process things that the mind comprehends instantly.
- The human brain is very much an organic computer, vulnerable to manipulation by others, and prone to suggestion, conditioning and alteration. Some brains can be submissive, whilst others are oppressive. The brain can be manipulated to a great extent by the impressions made upon it. All of the five senses have an input path to the brain, and any of these senses, either individually or in combination, can be used to manipulate the brain to the point of what is referred to as brainwashing. There are also paths to impact and influence someone's brain at frequencies beyond what the five senses can perceive, and entities that can enter and interfere with the brain to cause certain effects.
- People, too, have learned to manipulate the brain using what they call "mind-control" techniques, but these are misnamed, and should be called brain-control techniques, as the mind cannot be controlled by people. Brain-control techniques alter and control behaviour, and the victims of such techniques can be used to commit murders, espionage and other illicit and immoral actions.
- Some advanced civilisations have also learned how to tap into and manipulate the human brain. This kind of tampering and manipulation is being conducted on Earth, both openly and in secret, by individuals, corporations, governments, hospirals, military forces, universities and other bodies under human and alien orders. This is being done on the physical level. The manipulation of minds is beyond both human and alien technology.
- The mind and the brain work in conjunction with one another during waking hours. But, when the body sleeps, the mind travels, whilst the brain remains with the body to perform its mechanical functions to keep the body alive. The brain does not dream. While the astral body is in the astral the mind remains connected to it, and experiences many different things. It loses some of the memory of these in the process of waking, however, what remains of the memories can be filtered and impressed on the brain by the mind. In this way, some parts of dreams can be consciously retained by a person, but any knowledge the brain has of the dream is vicariously acquired.
- All memories are stored in the brain, and these can be erased or altered, either intentionally using various techniques, or through trauma, stress, illness or serious injury. When the brain dies, access to everything stored in it is gone. However, the mind perceives everything and can retain it, even after death. The same is true even if memory has been deliberately erased - the mind still retains the information and can later reassemble it.
- The memories stored in the brain can be more easily corrupted than those in the mind. The brain runs on mental energies which bring about various responses in the physical body, but the mind does not depend on currents or connections to operate. Brains age, shrink and slow down until they are prone to lapses of memory, forgetfulness, dementia, disorientation, vagueness and other symptoms.
- The centres of consciousness are like windows that connect the brain to the mind. For example, the third eye, also known as the celestial eye, opens up like a screen to allow a person to experience and see what the mind has impressed on the brain.
- In meditation, especially deep meditation, when the brain is relaxed, it does not impede itself. It is then that one can access information through the mind's eye and perceive things beyond the physical world - other realities, people and events, even experience what exists in other times.
- Scientists have a tendency to reject any phenomenon that does not follow the natural laws. They are caught in the quagmire formed by their scientific method, and attempt to give physical explanations for everything. Ironically, science is a pseudo-religion that disallows esoteric knowledge.
- Science generally follows Sigmund Freud when it comes to the human psyche. Due to his apprehension of dealing with metaphysics, Freud avoided the occult. Carl Jung ventured somewhat into the occult, and postulated that everything is stored in the collective unconscious, a reference to the Akashic Records which he learned about from Eastern sacred texts.
- Both Freud and Jung used psychoanalysis to try to explain the source of an individual's abnormalities and behaviours. Based on their conclusions, both of them must have assumed that the system is sound, and that the problem lay with the individuals. Like all researchers in all fields, they were restricted by not realising that there is a systemic problem. Quite simply, both Freud and Jung were dazzled by the illusions within the illusions of the Conspirators.
- Modern-day psychologists and psychiatrists have followed in the footsteps of Freud and Jung. They believe they can understand, mitigate or cure an individual's problems. But, it is the system that is mad, driven so by its insane controllers. When patients are prescribed psychotropic or anti-depressant drugs to block the effects of stress and depression, they can be incurring more damage and problems than they started with. Somelimes, superficially, the symptoms of mental patients appear to be under control because of the drugs. But, the brain can be very crafty. It can recognise the intentions of the treatment, and, in order to return to a less restricted state, can mask the symptoms and pretend to change, which deceives psychiatrists and their patients.
- Even though little is known about the brain, most scientists, psychologists and others are quick to determine what are acceptable perceptions and what perceptions are abnormal. Those that are deemed abnormal are often categorised as hallucinations, symptoms of mental illness, or some form of trickery of the brain. Such sceptical people often theorise that UFO sightings, paranormal phenomena such as ghost sightings and so on are individual or mass hallucinations. Having said that, it is possible for the brain to play tricks and to be tricked; false and selective memories and images can be beamed holographically onto parts of the brain, either intentionally or inadvertently.
- An area thai medical science closely associates with the brain is mental illness. Dissociative identity disorder (DID), formally known as multiple personality disorder, and schizophrenia often stigmatise a person as having a mental illness. Medical practitioners are quick to judge and differentiate schizophrenia and DID thus:
- Schizophrenics actually hear the voices they supposedly hallucinate as coming from outside of their heads, the way you would hear someone talking to you;
- DID sufferers are said to hear voices inside of their heads.
- The threshold question should be: are these people hallucinating when they report hearing voices, or are they actually receiving telepathic messages or hearing voices from an external source?
- Telepathic messages are always floating about like a thought language, and can be deciphered regardless of one's native language. They can originate from anywhere in this world or another, whether they are heard or not. One could pick up a telepathic message from just about anywhere around the globe, or from another realm. The telepathic communication can come from deceased or living persons, plants, animals or minerals.
- Voices coming from inside or outside of one's head can be very real and valid. There are many people who are born with clairaudience who do not suffer from any mental illness. These people have extra-sensory perception - they can hear things that are not contained in the physical auditory scale. However, they are not to be confused with people who have extraordinary physical hearing capability, and can hear frequencies beyond the normal human hearing range.
- The conventional analysis of these diverse behavioural disturbances will usually be rationalised by the experts. Based on currently accepted medical theories, the treatments will invariably involve some combination of medical attention, emotional counselling, stimulation and perhaps medication. These will nor solve the problems.
- It is only by first recognising that the brain and the mind are separate entities that one can begin to understand how they work and interact with one another. The mind not only affects the brain, it affects the heart too. Strange though it might sound, a corrupted mind can corrupt a heart, but a pure heart can heal a corrupted mind.
[Thus ends Chapter 20]